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Printing Glossary

This glossary of printing terms was created by people working in today's printing industry and is brought to you by It has been revised and edited and we have rewritten some technical descriptions in every day language to help the non technical person. Any suggestions that you may have on how we can improve this glossary will be carefully considered. Please send your comments and any new definitions to us at

Electronic publishing

Electronic Publishing refers to the production of documents using computerized means such as word-processing and desktop-publishing software, and the distribution of the documents in a format, including hypertext, that is accessible by computer.


Embossing is the process of creating a three-dimensional image or design in paper and other ductile materials. It is typically accomplished with a combination of heat and pressure on the paper. This is achieved by using a metal die usually made of brass and a counter die that fit together and squeeze the fibers of the substrate. This pressure and a combination of heat "irons" while raising the level of the image higher than the substrate to make it smooth. In printing this is accomplished on a letterpress.

End Sheet

An End Sheet refers to the leaves of paper in a book before the title page and after the text which hold the text and cover together. One part is pasted to the inside cover. The free half of the end paper is called a flyleaf.

Equivalent Paper

Equivalent Paper is paper that is not the brand originally specified but looks, prints and costs the same. It can also be referred to as Comparable Stock.